The Way of the Brush & the Sword Sacred Fist Karate International Ken To Fude No Ryu Kenshu Kai Karate Solly Said's Solly Said's Karate,Kickboxing & Gym
Ken To Fude No Ryu Kenshu Kai Karate International Karate, Kickboxing & Gym
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Counting Stances  Blocks  Kicks  Punches  Elbow-Strikes  Knife-Hand Strikes  

Weapons Found On Body  Movements  Other  Competiton

 Basic Terminology - Kihon Jutsugo

Japanese Term

Kanji

English Meaning

Japanese Term

Kanji

English Meaning

Age

Rising

Ago

Chin/Jaw

Anza Relaxed Sitting Arigato Gozaimasu Thank You
Ashi Foot/Leg Atama Head
 Budo Martial Way Buki Weapons

 Bunkai

Application

Chudan

Middle level

 Dachi

Stance

Dan

Grade/Black Belt
Dogi Way Clothes/Karate Uniform Dojo Way Place/Training Hall

Dojo Kun

Training Hall Oath

Fumiashi

Step

Gedan

Lower Level

Geri

Kick

Gyaku

Reverse

 Hanshi

Honourable Master

 Hajime

 Start

Hidari

Left Side

 Hiji

 Elbow

Hiza

Knee

Hizo 

Spleen

Ibuki

(Method of Breathing)

Jisen Kumite Full-Contact Fighting Jiyu Kumite Free Fighting
 Jodan   Upper Level  

Kake

Hook

Kamaete

Take Ready Position

Kansetsu

Joint

Karate

Empty hand

Kata

Form

Ki

Inner Energy

Kiai 

Explosive Scream 

Kiai  Irete
Explosive Energy Kin Groin
Kihon

Basic

Kihon Waza

Basic (technique[s])

Kime Focus Kohai Junior Student
Kokusai International Kosa

Switch Stance
L to R or R to L

Kotai Switch Partners Kumite Free fighting

Kyu

Rank below Black Belt

Mae

Front

Maai Interval Makiwara Striking Post

Mawashi

Roundhouse

Mawatte

Turn
Me Eyes Migi Right side

Mokuso

Meditate

Mokuso Yame

Stop Meditating

Morote

Two Handed

Mawate

Turn

Mugorei No Command Mushin No Mind

Naore

Move to Stance

Ni Rei Bow

Obi

Belt

Okuriashi

Shuffle Step

Onegaishimasu Please Osu Greeting / I Understand / Respect
Otagai Each Other

Rei

Bow

Renmei

Federation Renma

Polishing / Training

Renraku Combinations

Seiza

Kneel
Seishin Spirit Sempai Senior

Sensei

Teacher

Shomen

Front

Shihan

Master

Sosai

President

Shuto

Knife hand

Nukite Spearhand

Tameshiwari

Breaking Test

Tanden

Center

Te

Hand

Tetsui

Hammer Fist

Tsuki

Punch

Uchi

/

(1) Inner (2) Strike

Uke

Block

Ura

Opposite / Reverse

Uraken

Back Fist

Ushiro

Back

Waza Techniques Yame Stop
Yasume

Rest

Yoi

Ready

Yudansha Black Belt Holder Zanshin Remain Alert

Counting in Japanese

# in English

Kanji

# In Japanese

# in English

Kanji

# In Japanese

One

Ichi

Two

Ni

Three

San

Four

Shi

Five

Go

Six

Roku

Seven

Shichi

Eight

Hachi

Nine

Ku

Ten

Ju

Stances - Dachi

Stance Name

Kanji

Means in English

Fudo Dachi

Normal Stance

Kake Dachi

Hooked Stance

kiba-dachi or naifanchi-dachi (horse stance)

Straddle Stance - Feet roughly two shoulder-widths apart, parallel, toes pointed forwards.

kokutsu-dachi (back stance)

Back Leaning stanceRear knee bent, with foot facing to the outside. Forward leg approximately two shoulder-widths in front of and perpendicular to rear foot (i.e. facing forwards). 70% of weight on rear leg, 30% on foward leg. (Fighting Stance)

Musubi Dachi (ready stance)

Heels together, with each foot pointing outwards 45º (forming a right angle between the feet).

neko-ashi-dachi (cat stance)

Cat Stance Rear knee bent, with foot flat on ground, and toes facing to the outside. Resting lightly (10%) on the front leg, approximately one shoulder-width from the rear leg. Toes of front foot facing forwards, flat on ground with heel of foot raised. Crouching slightly, with front leg in centre of body, bent a little at the knee. Torso erect.

sanchin-dachi (tension stance)

Feet shoulder-width apart, weight distributed evenly over both legs. Kneeds tensed and pulled inwards. Forward foot slightly ahead of rear foot. Toes pointed slightly inward. Back straight and hips tensed, with pelvis pulled forwards and upwards.

Tsuruashi Dachi

Crane Stance

heisoku-dachi (ready stance)

Feet together, legs straight and relaxed.

heiko-dachi (natural stance)

Feet parallel, shoulder-width apart.

soto-hachiji-dachi or just hachiji-dachi (natural stance)

Feet shoulder-width apart, feet both pointing outwards at 45º.

uchi-hachiji-dachi (natural stance)

As for soto-hachiji-dachi but feet pointing slightly inwards.

zenkutsu-dachi (front stance)

Forward leg bent at the knee with 60% of weight on front leg and 40% on rear leg. Knee of rear leg locked and extended approximately two shoulder-widths behind lead foot. Torso erect.

han-zenkutsu-dachi (half front stance)

As for zenkutsu-dachi, but feet only one shoulder-width apart.

gyaku-zenkutsu-dachi (rear defense stance)

As in zenkutsu-dachi but turned around so straight leg points forward. Head and torso turned to face

shiko-dachi (straddle stance)

Feet spread approximately two shoulder-widths apart, toes pointed outward at 45º. Weight distributed evenly over both legs. Knees bent deeply and pulled back as far as possible. Torso erect. Lower legs/shins approximately vertical.

shirasagiashi-dachi or sagiashi-dachi (one-legged or crane stance)

Leg raised and tucked behind knee of supporting leg. Supporting leg bent at knee and foot turned outward, weight shifted back above supporting leg.

renoji-dachi (V stance)

Feet one shoulder width apart, front leg in centre of body pointing directly forwards. Rear leg pointing outwards 45º. Legs relaxed and straight.

kosa-dachi (crossed-leg stance)

One leg crossed over the other with both knees bent. Front foot flat on ground. Rear leg supported on ball of foot. Front foot facing to outside at 45º.

sesan-dachi (side facing straddle stance)

As for shiko-dachi, but looking directly to the side.

fudo-dachi or sochin-dachi

(free/immovable stance)

yoi-dachi ready stance
Migi Ashi Mae right foot forward
Hidari Ashi Mae left foot forward

Blocks

Block name

Kanji

English Meaning

Action

Chudan Soto Uke

Middle Level Outer Block

Chudan Uchi Uke

Middle Level Inner Block

Gedan Barai

Lower Block

Jodan Uke

Upper Block

Uchi Uke Gedan Barai Inside & Lower Block

Seiken Juji Uke

Downward fist cross-arm block

Shuto Juji Uke

Upper open-hand cross-arm block

 

Mawashi Uke

Circular Block

Shuto Uke Knife Hand Block  
Jodan Juji Uke Upper Crossed Block
Kake Uke Hooked Block  
Shotei Uke Palm Heel Block

Kicks -Geri

Kick Name

Kanji

English Meaning

 
Ago Geri Chin/Jaw Kick  

Hiza Geri

Knee Kick

Hiza Ganmen Geri Knee Face Kick  

Kake Geri

Hook Kick

 

Kansetsu Geri

Side snap kick to knee

Kin Geri

Groin Kick

Mae Geri

High Front Kick

Mae Kakato Geri Front Heel Kick

Mae Keage Geri

Front Snap Kick

Mawashi Geri

Roundhouse Kick

Soto Mawashi Geri

Outside Roundhouse Kick

Uchi Mawashi Geri

Inside Roundhouse Kick

Ushiro Geri

Back Kick

Ushiro Mawashi Geri

Back Spin Kick

 

Yoko Geri

Side Kick

Yoko Keage Geri

Side Rising Kick

Ashi Barai

 

Foot sweep

 

Mae Tobi Geri

Jumping front kick

Yoko Tobi Geri

Jumping side thrust kick

 

Punching Techniques -Tsuki Waza

Punch Name

Kanji

English Meaning

Tetsui Hammerfist Strike

Chudan Tsuki

Middle Punch

Gedan Tsuki

Lower Punch

Jodan Tsuki

Head Punch

Jun Tsuki

Side Punch

Morote Tsuki

Double punch

Oi Tsuki

Lunge punch

Gyaku Tsuki

Reverse punch

Shita Tsuki Short Punch
Tate Tsuki Verical Punch

Uraken Furi Uchi

Low inverted - fist strike

Uraken Hizo Uchi

Spleen inverted - fist strike

Oroshi Ganmen Uchi Descending face strike
Mawashi Uchi Roundhouse Strike

Uraken Sayu Uchi

Strike to left and right

Uraken Shomen Uchi

Strike to front of face  

Seiken Ago Uchi Forefist strike to Chin/jaw
Seiken Furi Uchi Forefist Hook Strike  

Seiken Tsuki

basic punch with closed fist, striking with front two knuckles.

 

Age Tsuki

rising punch

Kake Tsuki

hook punch

Ura Tsuki

short punch (palm side up)

  Elbow Strikes

Strike Name

Kanji

English Meaning

Age Hiji Ate

Rising Elbow Strike

Chudan Hiji Age

Middle Level Elbow Strike

Mae Hiji Ate Forward Elbow Strike
Ushiro Hiji Ate Backward Elbow Strike
Oroshi Hiji Ate Descending Elbow Strike

  Knife Hand Strikes

Strike Name

Kanji

English Meaning

Shuto Knifehand

-Hizo Uchi

-Spleen Strike

-Gammen Uchi

-Face Strike

-Sakotsu Uchi

 -Collarbone Strike

-Sakotsu Uchi Komi

-Collarbone  Driving Strike

-Uchi Uchi -Inside Stike

  Weapons found on the body  - Buki

Japanese Name

Kanji

English Meaning

Japanese Name

Chusoku

Ball of foot

Haisho Backhand
Haisoku Instep of foot
Haito Inner Knifehand

Hiji

Elbow

Hiraken Flatfist
Hiza Knee
Ippon Nukite Single-Finger Spear Hand
Kakato Heel of foot

Keiko

Chicken Beak

Koken Wrist Top
Nakayubi Ippon Ken Middle Finger Knuckle Fist
Nihon Nukite Two Finger Spear Hand
Nukite Spear Hand
Oyayubi Ippon Ken

  Thumb Knuckle Fist

Ryotoken Dragon's Head Fist

Seiken

Forefist

Shotei Palm hand

Shuto

Knife hand

Sokuto Knife foot
Sune Shin
Te Hand  
Teisoku Arch of the Foot

Tetsui Hammer  Fist
Toho Sword Peak Hand
Uraken Backfist

 

  Movements

Move Name

English Meaning

Tai Sabaki

General term for body moving/shifting techniques

Suri Ashi

Sliding step

Tsugi Ashi

Shuffling step

Ayumi Ashi

Natural stepping

Yori Ashi

Dragging step

Yeri Ashi

Kicking foot

Tenshin

Moving, shifting

Chakuchi

Replacing

Other Terms

Term

English Meaning

bunkai

techniques and applications of a kata

gasshuku

training camp

kamae

stance and distancing as assumed for sparring

karate-do

the way of karate. do means way or path, and comes from the chinese tao.

karateka

a karate practioner

Kata

a sequence of pre-arranged movements and techniques

Ki

spirit and energy

kiai

shout given as techniques are delivered to focus energy

kime

focus

kumite

sparring

ma-ai

correct distancing or timing with respect to one's partner

randori

slow and soft free style sparring with emphasis on technique

seiken

normal fist (front two knuckles)

Tournament Terminology - Taikai Jutsugo

Japanese Term

Kanji

English Meaning

Aiuchi Exchange of blows
Aka Red side
Atoshi Baraku Little more time left
Chui/Chukoku Warning
Encho-sen Extention of bout
Fukushin Referee
Fukushin Shugo Referee Conference
Genten Penalty
Shikaku/Hansoku Disqualification
Hansoku-chui Warning with Nihon Awarded
Hantei Descision
Hikiwake Draw
Ippon One point
Kachi Win
Keikoku Warning with Ippon awarded
Kiken Renunciation
Moto no ichi Original position
Mubobi Self endangerment
Nihon Two Points
No kachi Winner
Sanbon Three points
Shiro White side
Shubo hajime Start of match / bout
Shugo Judges called
Suwate Sit Down
Torimasen Unacceptable scoring technique
Tsuzukete Fight on
Tsukukete hajime Resume fighting
Waza Ari Half point
Yame Stop

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